Chapter 6

Article 51

Supervisory authority 1. Each Member State shall provide for one or more independent public authorities to be responsible for monitoring the application of this Regulation, in order to protect the fundamental rights and freedoms of natural persons in relation to processing and to facilitate the free flow of personal data within the Union (‘supervisory authority’). 2. Each supervisory authority shall contribute to the consistent application of this Regulation throughout the Union. »

Article 52

Independence 1. Each supervisory authority shall act with complete independence in performing its tasks and exercising its powers in accordance with this Regulation. 2. The member or members of each supervisory authority shall, in the performance of their tasks and exercise of their powers in accordance with this Regulation, remain free from external influence, whether direct or indirect, and shall neither seek nor take instructions from anybody. 3. Member or members of each supervisory authority shall refrain from any action incompatible with their duties and shall not, during their term of office, engage in any incompatible occupation, whether gainful or not. »

Article 53

General conditions for the members of the supervisory authority 1. Member States shall provide for each member of their supervisory authorities to be appointed by means of a transparent procedure by: — their parliament; — their government; — their head of State; or — an independent body entrusted with the appointment under Member State law. 2. Each member shall have the qualifications, experience and skills, in particular in the area of the protection of personal data, required to perform its duties and exercise its powers. »

Article 54

Rules on the establishment of the supervisory authority 1. Each Member State shall provide by law for all of the following: ( a ) the establishment of each supervisory authority; ( b ) the qualifications and eligibility conditions required to be appointed as member of each supervisory authority; ( c ) the rules and procedures for the appointment of the member or members of each supervisory authority; ( d ) »

Article 55

Competence 1. Each supervisory authority shall be competent for the performance of the tasks assigned to and the exercise of the powers conferred on it in accordance with this Regulation on the territory of its own Member State. 2. Where processing is carried out by public authorities or private bodies acting on the basis of point ( c ) or (e) of Article 6(1), the supervisory authority of the Member State concerned shall be competent. »

Article 56

Competence of the lead supervisory authority 1. Without prejudice to Article 55, the supervisory authority of the main establishment or of the single establishment of the controller or processor shall be competent to act as lead supervisory authority for the cross-border processing carried out by that controller or processor in accordance with the procedure provided in Article 60. 2. By derogation from paragraph 1, each supervisory authority shall be competent to handle a complaint lodged with it or a possible infringement of this Regulation, if the subject matter relates only to an establishment in its Member State or substantially affects data subjects only in its Member State. »

Article 57

Tasks 1. Without prejudice to other tasks set out under this Regulation, each supervisory authority shall on its territory: ( a ) monitor and enforce the application of this Regulation; ( b ) promote public awareness and understanding of the risks, rules, safeguards and rights in relation to processing. Activities addressed specifically to children shall receive specific attention; ( c ) advise, in accordance with Member State law, the national parliament, the government, and other institutions and bodies on legislative and administrative measures relating to the protection of natural persons’ rights and freedoms with regard to processing; »

Article 58

Powers 1. Each supervisory authority shall have all of the following investigative powers: ( a ) to order the controller and the processor, and, where applicable, the controller’s or the processor’s representative to provide any information it requires for the performance of its tasks; ( b ) to carry out investigations in the form of data protection audits; ( c ) to carry out a review on certifications issued pursuant to Article 42(7); »

Article 59

Activity reports Each supervisory authority shall draw up an annual report on its activities, which may include a list of types of infringement notified and types of measures taken in accordance with Article 58(2). Those reports shall be transmitted to the national parliament, the government and other authorities as designated by Member State law. They shall be made available to the public, to the Commission and to the Board. »

CHAPTER 6

Independent supervisory authorities Section 1 - Independent status Article 51 - Supervisory authority Article 52 - Independence Article 53 - General conditions for the members of the supervisory authority Article 54 - Rules on the establishment of the supervisory authority Section 2 - Competence, tasks and powers Article 55 - Competence Article 56 - Competence of the lead supervisory authority Article 57 - Tasks Article 58 - Powers Article 59 - Activity reports »